Visiting Khai Dinh Tomb (Ung Lang) – Hue, Vietnam. This is the tomb of King Khai Dinh (1885 – 1925). The 12th king of the Nguyen Dynasty. Mausoleum is located on the slope of Chau Chue Mountain, about 9 km from Hue – Vietnam, in Thuy Bang Commune, Huong Thuy Town.
About the King Khai Dinh
Khai Dinh (1916-1925) was the 12th king of the Nguyen Dynasty and was the last to build a mausoleum, preparing for the “departure” of a king at the feudal period of feudalism. Stepping into the throne at the age of 31, Khai Dinh was engrossed in building palaces, palaces and mausoleums for himself and his royal family, such as Kien Trung Palace, An Dinh Palace, Truong An Gate, Hien Nhon Door, Germany, especially U Lang. These works cost a lot of manpower and wealth of the people, but it is also a work of cultural value and art.
Formation and Construction of the Mausoleum
For a while, King Khai Dinh worried about creating his own life. After consulting many of the monks of the district, Khai Dinh Chau Chue mountain (also known as Chau E) as a location to build a tomb. Situated at this location, the tomb of Khai Dinh took a low hill in front of the court; Take the mounts of Mount Vung and Kim Son in front of the “Dragon fruit” and “White Tiger”; There is an Eu slot from left to right to “hydro-condensate”, called “clear road”. The king changed the name Chau Chue mountain – both post-occipital, as well as the “surface” of the mausoleum – Ung Son wall and called the tomb by the mountain name: Ung Lang.
The mausoleum commenced on September 4, 1920, and lasted for 11 years. Lieutenant Colonel Le Van Ba is the commander of many famous craftsmen and artisans throughout the country such as Phan Van Tanh, Nguyen Van Kha, Ky Duyet, Cuu Sins … To have money to build tombs, King Khai Dinh has asked the government to allow him to raise taxes to fill 30% of the country and take that money to make tombs. This act of Khai Dinh has been harshly condemned by history.
TOTAL ARCHITECTURAL LETTERS
Khai Dinh’s tomb was started on 4 September 1920 and lasted 11 years to complete. Participants in the construction of the mausoleum are many craftsmen and artisans famous throughout the country at that time.
In general, the mausoleum is a rectangular block rising up 127 levels. Many schools of architecture such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Roman, Gothique … have left their mark on the works. You will find pyramidal pyramid towers influenced by Indian architecture or Roman arch gates … This is the result of East-West cultural interference.
The Difference of the Mausoleum with Other Tombs
Compared to the tombs of the predecessor Nguyen dynasties, the tomb of Khai Dinh is much more modest, measuring 117 m × 48.5 m, but extremely elaborate and time consuming construction. In the mausoleum must cross the system of 37 levels with the level of the dragon, on the field are two ranges Ta-Huu self. Out of 29 steps up to the pedestal court, in the middle is the Bat Gem Beer House built reinforced concrete mixed metal neck, including stone beer. On the sides of the yard, each side has two rows of statues in the middle of the courtyard.
Besides the statue as in the other tombs, there are also 6 pairs of guard elite, each of the same type of statue in the same side is made symmetrical and the same symmetry with the opposite statue.
Compared with the tomb of the Nguyen Dynasty’s predecessors, the tomb of King Khai Dinh is more modest, but extremely elaborate and impressive.
Thien Dinh in the highest position is the main architecture of the mausoleum, where the talents of the workers are displayed, sent. This project consists of 5 consecutive parts: the two are Ta, Huu Truc room for the liens; The front hall is the Khai Thanh palace, where the court and portrait of King Khai Dinh; The centerpiece is the statue, the statue of the king and the grave below; In the end is a visit to the tablet of the late king.
Full view of Thien Dinh Palace
The interior of the three rooms in the Thien Dinh are decorated with porcelain and glass. These are the four paintings, bowls, flowers, tea tray, crown … including the very modern items such as alarm clock, tennis racket, kerosene lights … also decorated here. The hard, isolated materials, through the skillful gold hands of artisans have become artworks soft, vibrant and extremely brilliant.
In particular, the bronze statue on the bronze statue in the same lace with soft, smooth lines makes the viewer feel it made of velvet, can be shaken in the wind that forget that it is actually a Reinforced concrete block weighing almost 1 ton.
Beneath the bronze statue is the bronze statue of Khai Dinh cast in France in 1920. Statue made by two French P.Ducing and F. Barbedienne made by King Khai Dinh. The king’s body was put under the statue with a path of about 30 meters, starting from the back of Bi Dinh. Behind the tomb, the sun was setting as the king’s death.
The Art of Culture of the Heavenly Palace
The whole decoration inside Thien Dinh Palace not only reflects the cultural and artistic values but also the perception, the ideological theme of the work and the will of the king. Besides the decorative designs drawn from the Confucian inscriptions and the life of the palace, there are decorative designs of Taoism and especially hundreds of swastikas – a symbol of the Buddha is covered with Green glass on the back wall.
Is it the expression of “Three Teachings accompany” in the thought of the monarch and Confucian contemporaries? Does he also want to be leisurely in his old age and enter into Nibbana, escaped after the ice age? Or is it the stasis of the thought of Khai Dinh in particular and the ruling class? All are exciting to have visitors explore every visit to this project.
Khai Dinh Tomb is really a valuable work of art and architecture, is a visit you should not miss the days in the ancient capital Hue
Material Makes the Tomb of Khai Dinh
Khai Dinh for people to France to buy iron, steel, cement, Ardoise tile …, for boats to China, Japan buy porcelain, colored glass … to build the project. Compared to the tombs of the previous kings, Khai Dinh Tomb has a very modest area: 117m x 48.5m but extremely elaborate and time consuming. Later people often put Khai Dinh tomb outside the traditional architecture of the Nguyen Dynasty by the new, the strange, the unique, the applause, lost … created from the architectural style.
Cultural characteristics of Khai Dinh Tomb
The scene of Khai Dinh Tomb has something familiar, just strange. The whole of the mausoleum is a rectangular block rising up 127 levels to express the aspirations of the king of this puppet. The infiltration of many schools of architecture: Hinduism, Buddhism, Romanism, Gothique … have left their mark on concrete works: pyramidal pyramids from Hindu architecture; the stupa of the Buddha; the fence as the cross; Brewery with octagonal pillars and arches Roman door variant …
East-West Cultural Relation in Khai Dinh Mausoleum Architecture
This is the result of two factors: the East-West cultural intercourse in the turn of history and the character of Khai Dinh. The invasion of Western capitalism broke the feudal door to the breeze of Western European culture flooding into Vietnam.
On the other hand Khai Dinh is a curious king, prefer new but with the screening, a king “dressed in a long jacket, outside, braided twinkling Big Dipper, waist light bulb red “(L. Cadière) should have nothing to” abstain “in the” acquisition of good or strange “of the world into his eternal home.
Fortunately! The wicked wish of the king to admit that was not adhered to in the architecture. Smart mind, subtle selection and skillful hands, Vietnamese workers have created works of art.
Artisans should make the Tomb of Khai Khai
The master of the art masterpieces in Khai Dinh tomb is Phan Van Tanh, the author of the three largest “Cuu Long” murals of Vietnam decorated on the ceiling. 3 rooms in the middle of Thien Dinh. Thanks to his contributions and talented folk tales of Vietnam, Khai Dinh Tomb has become the symbol, the culmination of the art of porcelain and glass.
Despite being condemned in various ways, the tomb of Khai Dinh is truly a valuable work of art and architecture. It enriches and multiplies the tombs in Hue, worthy of the double sentence before Ta Trong Room in the tomb:
“The sacramental wonders, the landscape of the universe.
Juggernaut of the gas field, giang painting school of private households.
(Four faces are wonders, landscapes open up a separate universe
DIRECTIONS TO VISIT LANG
Khai Dinh tomb about 9 km. You can go by car, taxi or motorbike. In the case of self-propelled motorcycles, you follow Dien Bien Phu Street, pass Minh Mang Street, then go straight to Khai Dinh Road.
Ticket price: 100,000 VND / person / adult and 20,000 VND / person / child. There are ticket selling point and motorbike parking near the gate.
Many Source Articles: hueworldheritage.org.vn & vietnammoi.vn